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codecode (fr.); Code (ger.)

  • The means by which DNA and RNA carry genetic information, consisting of triplets of nucleotides which specify particular amino acids for protein synthesis; the complete sequence of such information relating to a particular organism. (OED 2011)
    information codon triplet code

    The Code of Nomenclature

    American Ornithologists’ Union (1886). The Code of Nomenclature and Check-List of North American Birds.


    It is these chromosomes, or probably only an axial skeleton fibre of what we actually see under the microscope as the chromosome, that contain in some kind of code-script the entire pattern of the individual’s future development and of its functioning in the mature state. Every complete set of chromosomes contains the full code; so there are, as a rule, two copies of the latter in the fertilized egg cell, which forms the earliest stage of the future individual. In calling the structure of the chromosome fibres a code-script we mean that the all-penetrating mind, once conceived by Laplace, to which every causal connection lay immediately open, could tell from their structure whether the egg would develop, under suitable conditions, into a black cock or into a speckled hen, into a fly or a maize plant, a rhododendron, a beetle, a mouse or a woman.

    Schrödinger, E. (1944). What is Life? The Physical Aspect of the Living Cell: 21.

    the precise sequence of the bases is the code which carries the genetical information
    Watson, J.D. & Crick, F.H.C. (1953.2). Genetical implications of the structure of deoxyribonucleic acid. Nature 171, 964-967: 965.

    What is “The Code”? It is the set of criteria to be met in giving to an animal, or to a taxonomic group of animals, a scientific name, with its proper reference of author and date; and to regulate inter se names that have been given in the past

    Stoll, N.R. (1961). Introduction. In: International Code of Zoological Nomenclature adopted by the XV International Congress of Zoology, vii-xvii: vii.