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neo-LamarckismNeolamarckismus (ger.)

  • Any modern variant of the theory of evolution by the inheritance of acquired characteristics that was proposed by Lamarck. (Oxford Dict. of Plant Science 2006)
    During his time Professor Cope has won for himself a leadig position among American naturalists, not only as an investigator, but as a thinker. To him is largely due the origin and growth of what is sometimes called the American school of evolution, or Neo-Lamarckism.
    Conn, H.W. (1887). [Rev. Cope, E.D. (1886). The Origin of the Fittest]. Amer. Nat. 21, 465-467: 465.
    Ward, L.F. (1892). Neo-Darwinism and neo-Lamarckism. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 6, 11-71: 13; 19.
    In 1885, in the Introduction to the »Standard Natural History«, we proposed the term Neolamarckianism, or Lamarckism in its modern form, to designate the series of factors of organic evolution, and we take the liberty to quote the passage in which the word first occurs. We may add that the briefer form, Neolamarckism, is the more preferable.
    Packard, A. (1894). On the inheritance of acquired characters in animals with a complete metamorphosis. Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sci. 29, 331-370: 367; id. (1901). Lamarck, the Founder of Evolution: 422.

    neo-Lamarckism Inheritance of acquired characters; the theory that characters acquired by organisms as a response to environmental factors are assimilated into the genome and transmitted to the offspring.

    Lincoln, R.J., Boxshall, G.A. & Clark, P.F. (1982). A Dictionary of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics: 165.