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cloneKlon (ger.)

  • 1) A population of genetically identical plants which have arisen from a single parent by means of natural or artificial vegetative propagation (e.g. by the use of grafts, cuttings, etc., or by apomixis). (OED)
    Clons […] are groups of plants that are propagated by the use of any form of vegetative parts.

    Webber, H.J. (1903). New horticultural and agricultural terms. Science 18, 501-503: 502.

    I […] suggest clone (plural clones) as the correct form of the word.

    Pollard, C.L. (1905). On the spelling of ‘clon’. Science 22, 87-88: 88.

  • 2) Any group of genetically identical bacterial or eukaryotic cells produced asexually from a single ancestor. Also (Molecular Biol.): a population consisting of identical, often recombinant, DNA molecules. (OED)
    In Bacillus coli communis […] a biotype was also found having lower motility than the remainder of the clone from which it came.

    Jennings, H.S. (1929). Genetics of the Protozoa. Bibliographia Genetica 5, 106-330: 234.