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associationassociation (fr.); Assoziation (ger.)

  • A group of associated plants within a formation. (OED)
    die Zusammenstellung (Association) der Pflanzen an einem und eben demselben Orte
    Amoreux, J. (1785). Physikalisch-Botanische Abhandlung zur Beantwortung der Preißfrage der Gesellsch. naturf. Freunde für das Jahr 1784. Schriften der Berlinischen Gesellschaft naturforschender Freunde 6, 1-71: 35.
    Les bruyères, cette association de l’erica vulgaris, de l’erica tetralix, des lichen icmadophila et hoematomma, se répandent depuis l’extrémité la plus septentrionale du Jutland, par le Holstein et le Lunebourg jusqu’au 52.e degré de latitude.
    Humboldt, A. von & Bonpland, A.J. (1805). Essai sur la géographie des plantes: 17.
    Eine Assoziation ist eine Pflanzengesellschaft von bestimmter floristischer Zusammensetzung und Physiognomie.
    Du Rietz, C.E., Fries, T.C.E. & Tengwall, T.A. (1918). Vorschlag zur Nomenklatur der soziologischen Pflanzengeographie. Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 12, 145-170: 166.
    Far from being an organism, an association is merely the fortuitous juxtaposition of plants. What plants? Those that can live together under the physical environment and under their interlocking spheres of influence and which are already located within migrating distance
    Gleason, H.A. (1926). The individualistic concept of the plant association. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 53, 7-26: 16.

    association 1: A ranked category in the classification of vegetation; a climax plant community characterized by two or more dominant species which have the life-form q. v. typical of the formation to which the association belongs; the first word of a two-word association name ends in -elum. 2: Sometimes used in general to indicate a large assemblage of organisms in a particular area, with one or two dominant species, or to refer to any group of plants growing together and forming a small unit of natural vegetation. 

    Lincoln, R.J., Boxshall, G.A. & Clark, P.F. (1982). A Dictionary of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics: 22.