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adaptednessAngepasstheit (ger.)

  • 1) Suitability of the environmental conditions for the needs of organisms.
    If we consider the adaptedness of the heavens and the earth to the use, convenience and happiness of his creatures, we shall see that they display his [viz., God’s] goodness, as clearly as creation can display it
    Emmons, N. (1826). Sermons on Various Subjects of Christian Doctrine and Duty: 68f.
    No country can exceed this [viz., Indiana] in its adaptedness for rearing the finest fruits and fruit bearing shrubs
    Flint, T. (1828). A Condensed Geography and History of the Western States, or the Mississippi Valley, vol. 2: 141.
    this adaptedness of soils for so great a variety of plants
    Hitchcock, E. (1835). The connection between geology and natural religion. The Biblical Repository and Observer 5, 113-138: 122.
  • 2) A relative and measurable state of an organism's adaptation to its environment's elements, hence the existence of a relation between organism and environment, that causes different chances of survival and differentiated reproduction of organisms (e.g. relative adaptation of a mammal to aquatic life). (HWB)
    an adaptedness to the climate [of sheep]
    Anonymus (1845). Farming in Vermont. The Cultivator 1, 219-221: 220.
    adaptedness to the soil, climate, and wants of the farmer [of cattle]
    Allen, R.L. (1847). Domestic Animals: 28.
    the adaptedness of animals to particular localities
    Howard, S. (1854). Remarks on varieties of the domestic ox. Trans. Wisconsin State Agric. Soc. 3, 295-316: 299.
    the size of an animal is not the test of its adaptedness to the zone in which we may discover it
    Warden, R.B. (1860). A Familiar Forensic View of Man and Law: 31.
    die Behauptung, daß die Sicherheit der Vererbung abhängig ist 1) von dem Grade der Angepaßtheit an die Lebensbedingungen seitens beider Zeugenden, 2) von der Vereinigung und gegenseitigen Beeinflussung der elterlichen Eigenschaften im Gezeugten und 3) von dem Einfluß der Außenwelt auf das Gezeugte – hat sich bisher als richtig erwiesen
    Werner, E. (1879). Die Ursachen der Vererbungskraft: 30.
    adaptedness of organisms
    Sandeman, G. (1896). Problems of Biology: 19.
    Adaptedness is a state of being adapted: adaptation refers to the process of becoming adapted; adaptability means that the organism or population concerned can remain or can become physiologically or genetically adapted in a certain range of environments.
    Dobzhansky, T. (1968). On some fundamental concepts of Darwinian biology. In: Dobzhansky, T., Hecht, M.K. & Steere, W.C. (eds.). Evolutionary Biology, vol. 2, 1-34: 7.