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habituationhabituatio (lat.); Habituation (ger.)

  • The action of habituating or accustoming, or the condition of being habituated (to something); esp. in Psychology, the diminishing of response to a frequently repeated stimulus. (OED)
    c. 1290

    Et sic est in proposito; quia in uero iuramento facto per idola sunt preter prauitatem idolatrie tria bona: Primum est confirmatio ueritatis in humanis pactis et iudiciis necessaria; secundum est suiipsius firma et uoluntaria obligatio et habituatio seu fortior applicatio ad ueritatem dicendam uel ad fidem pacti seu promissionis generandam

    Olivi, Petrus Iohannis (c. 1290). Quodlibeta quinque (Collectio Oliviana 7, St. Defraia 2002): 215 (quodlibetum 4, quaestio 3).

    c. 1300


    Middleton, R.M. (c. 1300). Quaestiones in sententias, 4 vols. (Brescia 1591): II, 95.

    c. 1449

    Habituacioun and custom.

    Pecock, R. (c. 1449). The Repressor of over much Blaming of the Clergy (London 1860): 415.


    Such is the effect of habituation, that, notwithstanding the heat, if passing a river, he hardly puts down his head in effort to drink.

    Keating, M. (1816). Travels in Europe and Africa, vol. 2: 12.


    Habituation, the process of becoming adapted to a given stimulus, situation, or general environment.

    Warren, H.C. (1934). Dictionary of Psychology: 120.

    Habituation=The waning of a response as a result of repeated stimulation which is not followed by any kind of reinforcement. It is of relatively enduring nature and is thus regarded as distinct from fatigue and sensory adaptation
    Thorpe, W.H. (1951). The definition of some terms used in animal behaviour studies. Bull. Anim. Behav. 9, 34-40: 39; cf. id. (1956). Learning and Instinct in Animals: 54.

    habituation The simplest form of learning in which the reduction or loss of a response to a stimulus occurs as a result of repeated stimulation which is not followed by any kind of reinforcement q.v.

    Lincoln, R.J., Boxshall, G.A. & Clark, P.F. (1982). A Dictionary of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics: 107.