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anthropomorphousἀνθρωπόμορφος (gr.); anthropomorphus (lat.); anthropomorph (ger.)

  • Of human form, having the form of a man. (OED 2014)
    man anthropomorpha
    1st century AD
    ἀνθρωπόμορφος ὁ θεὸς
    Philo Judaeus, De opificio mundi 69.
    Deus anthropomorphus

    Hermii Sozomeni Salamenii Ecclesiasticae historiae (in: Ecclesiasticae historiae autores, 1554, 542-716): 697 (VIII, xi); cf. Salaminius Hermias Sozomenus, Historia ecclesiastica (in: Die griechischen christlichen Schriftsteller 50, eds. J. Bidez & G.C. Hansen, Berlin 1960): VIII, xii.

    Pythagoras mandragoram anthropomorphon, id est figuram hominis, appelavit
    Lusitano, A. (1558). In Dioscoridis Anazarbei De medica materia libros quinque: 647
    Mandragora, […] malus terrestris anthropomorphos
    Kiel, C. (1642). Kilianus auctus, seu dictionarium Teutonico-Latino-Gallicum: 687.
    Orchis militaris anthropomorphos
    Hoffmann, M. (1662). Florae Altdorffinae deliciae sylvestres: [Orchis].
    Centauri, Hippocentauri, Onocentauri, Satyri, Tritones, Nereides, Sirenes, aliaque similia anthropomorpha monstra

    Schott, C. (1662/67). Physica curiosa: 648 (Appendix ad librum V); cf. Kircher, A. (1678). Mundus subterraneus, vol. 2: 369.

    Anthropomorphus, humanam formam habens
    Laurenzi, G. (1640/73). Amalthea onomastica, vol. 1: 66.

    plante anthropomorphes

    Furetière, A. (1690). Dictionaire universel, vol. 2: 540.


    Naturalists give instances of anthropomorphous plants, anthropomorphous minerals &c.

    Scott, G.L. (1753). A Supplement to Mr. Chambers’s Cyclopaedia, or, Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences, vol. 1: [Anthropomorphous].


    Naturalists give instances of Anthropomorphous plants, Anthropomorphous minerals, etc.

    Chambers, E. (1753). Cyclopedia: or, An Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences, Suppl. s.v. anthropomorphous.


    anthropomorphous animals

    Anonymus (1763). Anthropomorphous. In: A New and Complete Dictionary of Arts and Sciences, vol. 1: 161.


    anthropomorph simiae

    Anonymus (1796). [Rev. Blumenbach, J.F., On native varieties of the human species, 3. ed. To which is prefixed an Epistle to Sir Joseph Banks]. Monthly Review 1796 (Sep.-Dec.) 21, 515-523: 517.

    anthropomorphous animals
    Anonymus (1807). [Rev.: Bell, C. (1806)]. Essays in the Anatomy of Expression in Painting. The Eclectic Review: 52-65: 64.
    anthropomorphous animals
    Nicholson, W. (1809). The British Encyclopedia: 47.

    Their [scil. monkeys’] forms are so much like the human, as to have procured for them the epithet anthropo-morphous.

    Lawrence, W. (1819). Lectures on Physiology, Zoology and the Natural History of Man: 88.


    As we are just now looking with scientific seriousness at our animals, we will discard all anthropomorphic interpretations, such as point to ›alarm‹.

    Lewes, G.H. (1858). Sea-Side Studies at Ilfracombe, Tenby, the Scilly Isles and Jersey: 255 (acc. to OED 2011).

Becker, R. (2007-08). Anthropomorphismus (I) und (II). Archiv für Begriffsgeschichte 49, 69-98; 50, 153-185.

Becker, R. (2010). Der menschliche Standpunkt. Perspektiven und Formationen des Anthropomorphismus.