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Homo neanderthalensisHomo neanderthalensis (lat.)

  • An early species of Homo that is believed to have developed from Homo erectus in Eurasia around 200 000 years ago and continued until around 30 000 years ago. (Oxford Dict. of Archaeology 2008)   

    Applying these arguments to the Neanderthal skull, and considering its close resemblance to that of the chimpanzee, and, moreover knowing that the simial peculiarities are unimprovable—incapable of moral ancl theositic conceptions—he [W. King] saw no reason to believe otherwise than that similar darkness characterised the beings whom he did not hesitate to call Homo Neanderthalensis.

    King, W. (1863). The Neanderthal skull. Anthropological Review 1, 393-394: 393-4.


    If […] such there be, the rules of the binomial nomenclature suggest that a new generic and specific name should be given to the Homo Neanderthalensis.

    Blake, C.C. (1864). On the alleged peculiar characters, and assumed antiquity of the human cranium from the Neanderthal. Journal of the Anthropological Society of London 2, cxxxix-clvii: clv.


    the author is led to regard the Neanderthal skull as belonging to a creature cranially and psychically diflerent from man; and he proposes to distinguish the species by the name of Homo Neanderthalensis.

    King, W. (1864). On the Neanderthal skull, or reasons for believing it to belong to the Clydian period, and to a species different from that represented by man. Report of the British Association 1863 (pt. 2), 81-82: 82; cf. id. (1864). The reputed fossil man of the Neanderthal. Quart. J. Sci. 1, 88-97.