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vitaminVitamin (ger.)

  • Any of a diverse group of organic compounds of which small quantities are needed in the diet because they have a distinct biochemical role, often as coenzymes, and cannot be adequately synthesized by the body, so that in most cases a deficiency produces characteristic symptoms or disease. (OED)

    It is now known that all these diseases, with the exception of pellagra, can be prevented and cured by the addition of certain preventive substances; the deficient substances, which are of the nature of organic bases, we will call "vitamines"

    Funk, C. (1912). The etiology of the deficiency diseases. J. State Med. 20, 341-68: 342.



    Funk, C. (1914). Die Vitamine.

Salmonsen, E.M. (1932). Bibliographical Survey of Vitamins (1650-1930).

Harrow, B. (1955). Casimir Funk.

Böttcher, H.M. (1965). Das Vitaminbuch. Die Geschichte der Vitaminforschung.

Harris, L.J. (1970). The discovery of vitamins. In: Needham, J. (ed.). The Chemistry of Life, 156-70.

Ihde, A. & Becker, S.L. (1971). Conflict in early vitamin studies. J. Hist. Biol. 4, 1-33.

Stoff, H. (2012). Wirkstoffe. Eine Wissenschaftsgeschichte der Hormone, Vitamine und Enzyme, 1920-1970.