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carnivorousσαρκόφαγος (gr.); carnivorus (lat.); karnivor (ger.)

  • Eating or feeding on flesh; applied to those animals (or plants) which naturally prey on (other) animals, and spec. to the order CARNIVORA. (OED 2011)
    c. -350 (BC)

    Καὶ τὰ μὲν σαρκοφάγα, τὰ δὲ καρποφάγα, τὰ δὲ παμφάγα, τὰ δ’ ἰδιότροφα [some are carnivorous, some frugivorous, others omnivorous; some have a diet peculiar to themselves]

    Aristotle (c. 350 BC). Historia animalium (transl. by A.L. Peck 1965) 488a14-15; cf. 594a12; 628b33-629a1; cf. id. De partibus animalium 662b1.

    ca. 79
    omnia carnivora sunt
    Plinius, Naturalis historia 9, 78; cf. 10; 199.

    Which liveth on flesh. Carnivorus

    Rider, J. (1589). Bibliotheca Scholastica: [flesh].


    Silurus […] carnivorus est

    Schwenckfeld, K. (1603). Theriotropheum Silesiae, in quo animalium, hoc est quadrupedum, reptilium, avium, piscium, insectorum natura, vis & usus 6 libris perstringitur: 444-5.


    alia animalia sunt carnivora, alia herbivora

    Sennert, D. (1618). Epitome naturalis scientiae: 572 (7, 10).


    Many there are [...] which eate no salt at all, as all carnivorous animals

    Browne, T. (1646). Pseudodoxia epidemica: 205 (IV,10).



    Bravo de Sobremonte Ramirez, G. (1654). Resolutiones medicae. practicis pro curandis febribus. In: Operum medicinalium, vol. 5 (Lyon 1684): 67; engl.: Bennett, (1830). The Gardens and Menagerie of the Zoological Society Delineated, vol. 1: 99.


    carnivorous Flesh eating; creophagous; sarcophagous; carnivorc, carnivory.    

    Lincoln, R.J., Boxshall, G.A. & Clark, P.F. (1982). A Dictionary of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics: 41.