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hormoneHormon (ger.)

  • Any of numerous organic compounds that are secreted into the body fluids of an animal, particularly the bloodstream, by a specific group of cells and regulate some specific physiological activity of other cells; also, any synthetic compound having such an effect. (OED 2011)

    These chemical messengers, however, of ‘hormones’ […] as we might call them

    Starling, E.H. (1905). The Croonian lectures: On the chemical correlations of the functions of the body. Lecture I. Lancet 1905, 339-341: 340.


    The first products of digestion act on the pyloric mucous membrane, and produce in this membrane a substance which is absorbed into the blood stream, and carried to all the glands of the stomach, where it acts as a specific excitant of their secretory activity. This substance may be called the gastric secretin or gastric hormone.

    Starling, E.H. (1906). Mercers’ Company Lectures on Recent Advances in the Physiology of Digestion: 75.

    Hormone sind solche im Stoffwechsel eines Organismus gebildete Substanzen, welche für den Bestand des Individuums oder der Art wichtige Reizwirkungen im produzierenden Organismus selbst oder an anderen Lebewesen hervorzurufen imstande sind
    Bethe, A. (1932). Vernachlässigte Hormone. Naturwiss. 20, 177-181: 178.

    hormone A chemical substance secreted by an endocrine gland that produces a specific physiological response on some remote target tissue or system.

    Lincoln, R.J., Boxshall, G.A. & Clark, P.F. (1982). A Dictionary of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics: 118.

Hill, A.V. (1969). Bayliss and Starling and the happy fellowship of physiologists. J. Physiol. 204, 1-13.

Brooks, C.M. (1962). Humors, Hormones, and Neurosecretions. The Origins and Development of Man’s Present Knowledge of the Humoral Control of Body Functions.

Böttcher, H.M. (1963). Hormone. Die Geschichte der Hormonforschung.

Beach, F.A. (1981). Historical origins of modern research on hormones and behavior. Hormones Behav. 15, 325-376.

Medvei, V.C. (1982). A History of Endocrinology.

Stoff, H. (2012). Wirkstoffe. Eine Wissenschaftsgeschichte der Hormone, Vitamine und Enzyme, 1920-1970.