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hibernationhibernation (fr.); Winterschlaf (ger.)

  • The dormant condition into which many animals and plants pass when the temperature falls below certain limits; esp. the winter sleep of some warm-blooded animals, as the dormouse, hedgehog, badger, bear, bat, etc. (OED 2011)
    ca. 79
    in hiemes aliis provisum pabulum, aliis pro cibo somnus
    Plinius (um 79). Naturalis historia VIII, lviii (138); vgl. lxxxii (223); vgl. Leitner, H. (1972). Zoologische Terminologie beim Älteren Plinius: 218.
    der Behr, wann er von seinem Winterschlaff erwacht
    Rollenhagen, G. (1605). Wunderbarliche biss daher unerhörte und ungleubliche indianische Reysen durch die Lufft, Wasser, Land, Helle, Paradiss und den Himmel: 112 (nach DWB).
    Lind, Ek och Asp stodo ännu sofwande i sin winter-dwala
    Linné, C. von (1745). Öländska och Gotländska Resa: 1.
    During the Winter, from the absence of heat, and in a great measure light also, plants remain in a state of torpidity, analogous to the hibernation of animals
    Duncan, A. (1790). Medical news: Account of Mr John Gahagan’s observations on the irritability of vegetables. Medical and Philosophical Commentaries 4, 375-399: 391.
    ces animaux [les hirondelles] ne respirent point pendant l’hybernation
    Fabricius, J.C. (1791). Sur la coutume d’hyberner propre à certains animaux. La médecine éclairée par les sciences physiques 1, 325-327: 326; vgl. 325.
    the animal during its state of hibernation
    Darwin, E. (1800). Phytologia; or The Philosophy of Agriculture and Gardening: 215.
    L’hibernation est cet état de torpeur dans lequel se trouvent pendant l’hiver plusieurs espèces de corps organisés, et qui est manifestement le effet du frois
    Draparnaud, J. (1805). OEuvres sur divers sujets d’histoire naturelle: 63. 

    On the hybernation and torpidity of insects

    Kirby, W. & Spence, W. (1816/18). An Introduction to Entomology, vol. 2: 430.


    hibernation The act or condition of passing the winter in a torpid or resting state, typically involving the abandonment of homoiothermy in mammals; cf. aestivation.

    Lincoln, R.J., Boxshall, G.A. & Clark, P.F. (1982). A Dictionary of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics: 113.